Here, we can use the term “buying on margin.” For example, if you buy stocks, you take a loan from a broker. It’s considered a down payment and allows you to own the security you purchase. A larger position size provides an opportunity to gain more massive profits as lot size and pip value are interconnected.

However, the broker will require a percentage of the trade’s notional amount to be held in the account as cash, which is called the initial margin. The above concepts are needed to develop the risk management system and calculate the acceptable level of risk. The above formula is relevant only for currency CFDs traded in Forex. For other trading instruments, the calculation formula is different. Likewise, the concept of leverage in the stock exchange, for example, is different from the definition of the Forex leverage as the borrowed funds provided by the broker.

Different types of leveraged products

To starters, the concept can sound confusing especially when it is compared to If you are not sure what some of the terms used in this article mean, check out our forex trading glossary. As a general rule, use stop-loss when you trade on margin in order to avoid losing massive amounts of money or more money than you actually have. Plus500SG Pte Ltd holds a capital markets services license from the Monetary Authority of Singapore for dealing in capital markets products (License No. CMS100648). Using leverage, the potential for profit is clear to see. However, leverage also opens up the possibility of losing a much greater amount of their capital.

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That still leaves lots of room for another day trade, at the same time, or for a few swing trades. Remember, you don’t need to actually use all the leverage or margin available to you! Regardless of how much leverage you’re offered or choose to take, you can opt to use less leverage based on how you trade. You are required to pay back any leverage you use while trading. Leverage is debt just like any other type of loan, but unlike other types of debt, you may have some flexibility as to when you settle your balance.

Managing leverage risk is used to buy options and futures to amplify the impact of price fluctuations. The standard lot size is 100,000 units of currency, but there are also mini, micro, and nano lots of 10,000, 1,000, and 100 units, respectively. To calculate the required margin, you need to divide one by the leverage ratio.

This indicates that the real leverage, not margin-based leverage, is the stronger indicator of profit and loss. Forex brokers have to manage their risk and in doing so, may increase a trader’s margin requirement or reduce the leverage ratio and ultimately, the position size. Your total equity determines how much margin you have left, and if you have open positions, total equity will vary continuously as market prices change.

Leveraged Profits and Losses

With FBS, you can trade currencies, metals, energies, stocks, indices, and even cryptocurrencies with leverage. The highest allowed leverage depends on the account type and trading instrument. You don’t have to calculate the financing charge manually whenever you trade.


That’s why leverage is a common thing for Forex traders. When you operate $100,000, small price changes will result in significant gains. As discussed above, leverage has immense benefits, but its dangers can also be very daunting.

What does a margin call mean in forex?

For this benefit, there is a premium payable on execution of your order, which is displayed on the order ticket. Beginners focus on analysis, but professionals operate in a three dimensional space. They are aware of trading psychology their own feelings and the mass psychology of the markets. Margin is the amount of money needed as a “good faith deposit” to open a position with your broker. If you had to come up with the entire $100,000 capital yourself, your return would be a puny 1% ($1,000 gain / $100,000 initial investment).

Your decides how much you can borrow and when you need to pay it back. At some point, you will have to settle your leverage debt. The amount of leverage you can use will be determined by your broker, but it could be as much as 400 times your total capital.

Do you have to pay all of the leverage back when you trade forex?

It’s important that forex traders learn how to manage leverage and employ risk management strategies to mitigate forex losses. Leverage is a concept that enables you to multiply your exposure to a financial instrument, without committing the whole amount of capital necessary to own the physical instrument. When trading using Leverage you only need to put down a fraction of the total value of your position. Profits and losses are based on the total size of the position, so the end result of a trade can be much larger than the initial outlay, in terms of profits or losses. The amount needed to open and maintain a leveraged trade is called “the margin”. Trading using leverage is sometimes called “margin trading”.

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On the other hand, there are the so-called “position traders” who employ a completely opposite strategy. This is a group of traders who hold their assets; be it currencies, stocks, or anything else, for an extended amount of time. They expect that the longer they wait, the larger the price will get. And for them, lower leverage is usually a more suitable option. That’s because the short-term price changes can go so low that the leveraged losses are larger than the deposited funds, at which points traders are forced out from the operation.

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